Resume and a CV – What’s the Difference?
Job Search Terminology & Tips

In the United States, a CV is not synonymous with a Resume. While both a CV and a resume include an overview of a job seeker’s work experience, it’s important to note that the documents are not interchangeable when applying for a job.


A Resume is a document that outlines a job seeker’s skills, experience, education, and accomplishments.  Modern resumes also usually include a summary experience. A more experienced professional may have up to three pages, but most resumes are one to two pages in length.  Click here to for more information about what to include and what not to include on your resume.

Chronological Resume

A chronological resume prioritizes a job seeker’s experience. Chronological resumes are formatted with the most recent work experience at the top.  To conserve space on the document and ensure relevance to the position they are applying for, a mid-level or executive-level professional will only include the past 10-15 years.  A chronological resume will often also have the job seeker’s education, a summary of qualifications, and highlight specific relevant skills.

Functional resume

A functional resume focuses on an individual’s abilities, skills, and qualifications, instead of their job experience and career history.

CV (Curriculum Vitae)

A Curriculum Vitae, more commonly known as a CV, is similar to but not the same as a Resume.  A CV is characteristically longer and more detailed than a resume. It focuses on academic coursework, research, and publications. In addition to your professional work history, a CV will include awards, scholarships or grants, research projects, and professional publications.